Publications which came out of MS-GWaves


  • Becker, E. , M. Grygalashvyly and G. R. Sonnemann, Gravity wave mixing effects on the OHstar-layer, Adv. Space Res., 65, 175-188, doi:10.1016/j.asr.2019.09.043, 2020
  • Becker, E. and S. L. Vadas, Explicit global simulation of gravity waves in the thermosphere, J. Geophys. Res., accepted, 2020
  • Bramberger, M., A. Dörnbrack, H. Wilms, F. Ewald, and R. Sharman, 2020: Mountain-Wave Turbulence Encounter of the Research Aircraft HALO above Iceland. J. Appl. Meteor. Climatol., 59, 567–588,
  • Chau, J-L-,  J. M. Urco, V. Avsarkisov, J. P. Vierinen, R. Latteck, C. M. Hall und M. Tsutsumi, Four-dimensional quantification of Kelvin-Helmholtz instabilities in the polar summer mesosphere using volumetric radar imaging, Geophys. Res. Lett., 47, doi:10.1029/2019GL086081, 2020
  • Gisinger, S., Wagner, J., and Witschas, B., 2020: Airborne measurements and large-eddy simulations of small-scale gravity waves at the tropopause inversion layer over Scandinavia, Atmos. Chem. Phys., 20, 10091–10109,, 2020
  • Haghighatnasab, M., M. Mirzaei, A.R. Mohebalhojeh, C. Zülicke, and R. Plougonven, 2020: Application of the Compressible, Nonhydrostatic, Balanced Omega Equation in Estimating Diabatic Forcing for Parameterization of Inertia–Gravity Waves: Case Study of Moist Baroclinic Waves Using WRF. J. Atmos. Sci., 77, 113–129,
  • He, M., Y. Yamazaki, P. Hoffmann, C. Hall, M. Tsutsumi, G. Li und J. Chau, Zonal wavenumber diagnosis of rossby-wave-like oscillations using paired ground-based radars, J. Geophys. Res., 125, doi:10.1029/2019JD031599, 2020
  • Kaifler, N., B. Kaifler, A. Dörnbrack, M. Rapp, J. L. Hormaechea, and A. de la Torre, 2020: Lidar observations of large-amplitude mountain waves in the stratosphere above Tierra del Fuego, Argentina. Scientific Reports 10, 14529.
  • Kim, Y., G. Bölöni, S. Borchert, H. Chun, and U. Achatz, Towards transient subgrid-scale gravity wave representation in atmospheric models. Part II: Wave intermittency simulated with convective sources. J. Atmos. Sci., doi:
  • Kivi, R., Dörnbrack, A., Sprenger, M., and H. Vömel, 2020: Far-ranging impact of mountain waves excited over Greenland on stratospheric dehydration and rehydration, Journal of Geophysical Research: Atmospheres, 125, e2020JD033055.
  • Krisch, I., Ern, M., Hoffmann, L., Preusse, P., Strube, C., Ungermann, J., Woiwode, W., and Riese, M.: Superposition of gravity waves with different propagation characteristics observed by airborne and space-borne infrared sounders, Atmos. Chem. Phys., 20, 11469–11490,, 2020
  • Reyes, P.M., E. Kudeki, G. A. Lehmacher, J. L. Chau und M. A. Milla, VIPIR and 50 MHz radar studies of gravity wave signatures in 150-km echoes observed at Jicamarca, J. Geophys. Res., 125, doi:10.1029/2019JA027535, 2020
  • Rodda, C., and U. Harlander, 2020: Transition from Geostrophic Flows to Inertia–Gravity Waves in the Spectrum of a Differentially Heated Rotating Annulus Experiment. J. Atmos. Sci., 77, 2793–2806,
  • Rodda, C., Hien, S., Achatz, U. et al. A new atmospheric-like differentially heated rotating annulus configuration to study gravity wave emission from jets and fronts. Exp Fluids 61, 2 (2020).
  • G. Stober, G.,  K. Baumgarten, J. P. McCormack, P. Brown und J. Czarnecki, Comparative study between ground-based observations and NAVGEM-HA reanalysis data in the MLT region, Atmos. Chem. Phys., accepted, 2020
  • Stephan, C. C., Schmidt, H., Zuelicke, C., & Matthias, V. (2020). Oblique gravity wave propagation during sudden stratospheric warmings. Journal of Geophysical Research: Atmospheres, 125, e2019JD031528.
  • Strelnikova, I., G. Baumgarten und F.-J. Lübken, Advanced hodograph-based analysis technique to derive gravity-waves parameters from lidar observations, Atmos. Meas. Tech., 13, 479-499, doi:10.5194/amt-13-479-2020, 2020
  • Strube, C., Ern, M., Preusse, P., and Riese, M.: Removing spurious inertial instability signals from gravity wave temperature perturbations using spectral filtering methods, Atmos. Meas. Tech., 13, 4927–4945,, 2020
  • Wilms, H., Bramberger, M., and A. Dörnbrack, 2020: Observation and Simulation of Mountain Wave Turbulence above Iceland: Turbulence Intensification due to Wave Interference. Q. J. R. Met. Soc., 1– 21.


  • Baumgarten, K. and Stober, G.: On the evaluation of the phase relation between temperature and wind tides based on ground-based measurements and reanalysis data in the middle atmosphere, Ann. Geophys., 37, 581–602,, 2019.
  • S. Borchert, G. Zhou, M. Baldauf, H. Schmidt, G. Zängl and D. Reinert. The upper-atmosphere extension of the ICON general circulation model (version: ua-icon-1.0). Geosci. Model Dev., 12, 3541-3569,, 2019
  • Pütz, C., Schlutow, M. and Klein, R.: Initiation of ray tracing models: evolution of small-amplitude gravity wave packets in non-uniform background. Theor. Comput. Fluid Dyn. (2019) 33: 509-535;
  • Chen, D., Strube, C., Ern, M., Preusse, P., and Riese, M.: Global analysis for periodic variations in gravity wave squared amplitudes and momentum fluxes in the middle atmosphere, Ann. Geophys., 37, 487-506,, 2019.
  • Reichert, R., Kaifler, B., Kaifler, N., Rapp, M., Pautet, P.-D., Taylor, M. J., Kozlovsky, A., Lester, M., and Kivi, R.: Retrieval of intrinsic mesospheric gravity wave parameters using lidar and airglow temperature and meteor radar wind data, Atmos. Meas. Tech., 12, 5997–6015,, 2019
  • Schlutow, M., Wahlén, E. & Birken, P. (2019). Spectral stability of nonlinear gravity waves in the atmosphere. Mathematics of Climate and Weather Forecasting, 5(1), pp. 12-33. Retrieved 20 Sep. 2019,
  • Schlutow, M., 2019: Modulational Stability of Nonlinear Saturated Gravity Waves. J. Atmos. Sci., 76, 3327–3336,
  • Stephan, C.C., C. Strube, D. Klocke, M. Ern, L. Hoffmann, P. Preusse, and H. Schmidt, 2019: Intercomparison of Gravity Waves in Global Convection-Permitting Models. J. Atmos. Sci., 76, 2739–2759,
  • Stephan, C. C., Strube, C., Klocke, D., Ern, M., Hoffmann, L., Preusse, P., & Schmidt, H. ( 2019). Gravity waves in global high‐resolution simulations with explicit and parameterized convection. Journal of Geophysical Research: Atmospheres, 124, 4446– 4459.
  • Sutherland, B.R., Achatz, U., Caulfield, C. and Klymak, J. M., 2019: Recent progress in modeling imbalance in the atmosphere and ocean. Phys. Rev. Fluids 4, 010501 , January 2019;
  • Söder, J., Gerding, M., Schneider, A., Dörnbrack, A., Wilms, H., Wagner, J., and Lübken, F.-J.: Evaluation of wake influence on high-resolution balloon-sonde measurements, Atmos. Meas. Tech., 12, 4191–4210,, 2019
  • Wei, J., G. Bölöni, and U. Achatz, 2019: Efficient Modeling of the Interaction of Mesoscale Gravity Waves with Unbalanced Large-Scale Flows: Pseudomomentum-Flux Convergence versus Direct Approach. J. Atmos. Sci., 76, 2715–2738,
  • Wilhelm, S., Stober, G., and Brown, P.: Climatologies and long-term changes in mesospheric wind and wave measurements based on radar observations at high and mid latitudes, Ann. Geophys., 37, 851–875,, 2019
  • Wörl, R., Strelnikov, B., Viehl, T. P., Höffner, J., Pautet, P.-D., Taylor, M. J., Zhao, Y., and Lübken, F.-J.: Thermal structure of the mesopause region during the WADIS-2 rocket campaign, Atmos. Chem. Phys., 19, 77–88,, 2019.


  • Baumgarten, K., Gerding, M., Baumgarten, G., and Lübken, F.-J.: Temporal variability of tidal and gravity waves during a record long 10-day continuous lidar sounding, Atmos. Chem. Phys., 18, 371–384,, 2018.
  • Bramberger, M., A. Dörnbrack, H. Wilms, S. Gemsa, K. Raynor, and R. Sharman, 2018: Vertically Propagating Mountain Waves—A Hazard for High-Flying Aircraft?. J. Appl. Meteor. Climatol., 57, 1957–1975,
  • Dörnbrack, A., Gisinger, S., Kaifler, N., Portele, T. C., Bramberger, M., Rapp, M., Gerding, M., Söder, J., Žagar, N., and Jelić, D.: Gravity waves excited during a minor sudden stratospheric warming, Atmos. Chem. Phys., 18, 12915-12931,, 2018.
  • Ern, M., Trinh, Q. T., Preusse, P., Gille, J. C., Mlynczak, M. G., Russell III, J. M., and Riese, M.: GRACILE: a comprehensive climatology of atmospheric gravity wave parameters based on satellite limb soundings, Earth Syst. Sci. Data, 10, 857-892,, 2018. pdf
    • Ern, Manfred; Trinh, Quang Thai; Preusse, Peter; Gille, John C; Mlynczak, Martin G; Russell III, James M; Riese, Martin (2017): GRACILE: A comprehensive climatology of atmospheric gravity wave parameters based on satellite limb soundings, link to data in NetCDF format. PANGAEA, download
  • Ghasemi, A., Klein, M., Will, A., & Harlander, U. (2018). Mean flow generation by an intermittently unstable boundary layer over a sloping wall. Journal of Fluid Mechanics, 853, 111-149.
  • U. Harlander, I. D. Borcia & A. Krebs (2019) Non-normality increases variance of gravity waves trapped in a tilted box, Geophysical & Astrophysical Fluid Dynamics, 113:5-6, 602-622,
  • Hien, S., J. Rolland, S. Borchert, L. Schoon, C. Zülicke & U. Achatz, 2018: Spontaneous inertia–gravity wave emission in the differentially heated rotating annulus experiment. J. Fluid Mech. 838: 5-41,
  • Krisch, I., Ungermann, J., Preusse, P., Kretschmer, E., and Riese, M.: Limited angle tomography of mesoscale gravity waves by the infrared limb-sounder GLORIA, Atmos. Meas. Tech., 11, 4327-4344,, 2018
  • Portele, T.C., A. Dörnbrack, J.S. Wagner, S. Gisinger, B. Ehard, P. Pautet, and M. Rapp, 2018: Mountain-Wave Propagation under Transient Tropospheric Forcing: A DEEPWAVE Case Study. Mon. Wea. Rev., 146, 1861–1888,
  • Pedatella, N. M., J. L. Chau, H. Schmidt, L. P. Goncharenko, C. Stolle, K. Hocke, V. L. Harvey, B. Funke, and T. A. Siddiqui (2018), How sudden stratospheric warming affects the whole atmosphere, Eos, 99,
  • Rapp, M., Dörnbrack, A., and Kaifler, B. 2018: An intercomparison of stratospheric gravity wave potential energy densities from METOP GPS radio occultation measurements and ECMWF model data, Atmos. Meas. Tech., 11, 1031-1048,, 2018.
  • Rapp, M., Dörnbrack, A., & Preusse, P. (2018). Large midlatitude stratospheric temperature variability caused by inertial instability: A potential source of bias for gravity wave climatologies. Geophysical Research Letters, 45, 10,682–10,690.
  • C. Rodda, I. D. Borcia, P. Le Gal, M. Vincze & U. Harlander (2018) Baroclinic, Kelvin and inertia-gravity waves in the barostrat instability experiment, Geophysical & Astrophysical Fluid Dynamics, 112:3, 175-206,
  • Schoon, L. and Zülicke, C.: A novel method for the extraction of local gravity wave parameters from gridded three-dimensional data: description, validation, and application, Atmos. Chem. Phys., 18, 6971-6983,, 2018.
  • Von Larcher, T., Viazzo, S., Harlander, U., Vincze, M., & Randriamampianina, A. (2018). Instabilities and small-scale waves within the Stewartson layers of a thermally driven rotating annulus. Journal of Fluid Mechanics, 841, 380-407. doi:10.1017/jfm.2018.10
  • Wilhelm, J., T.R. Akylas, G. Bölöni, J. Wei, B. Ribstein, R. Klein, and U. Achatz, 2018: Interactions between Mesoscale and Submesoscale Gravity Waves and Their Efficient Representation in Mesoscale-Resolving Models. J. Atmos. Sci., 75, 2257–2280,
  • Woiwode, W., Dörnbrack, A., Bramberger, M., Friedl-Vallon, F., Haenel, F., Höpfner, M., Johansson, S., Kretschmer, E., Krisch, I., Latzko, T., Oelhaf, H., Orphal, J., Preusse, P., Sinnhuber, B.-M., and Ungermann, J.: Mesoscale fine structure of a tropopause fold over mountains, Atmos. Chem. Phys., 18, 15643-15667,, 2018.
  • Zülicke, C., E. Becker, V. Matthias, D.H. Peters, H. Schmidt, H. Liu, L.d. Ramos, and D.M. Mitchell, 2018: Coupling of Stratospheric Warmings with Mesospheric Coolings in Observations and Simulations. J. Climate, 31, 1107–1133,


  • Baumgarten, K., M. Gerding, and F.-J. Lübken (2017), Seasonal variation of gravity wave parameters using different filter methods with daylight lidar measurements at mid-latitudes, J. Geophys. Res., 122, 2683-2695, doi:10.1002/2016JD025916 , 2017
  • Dörnbrack, A., S. Gisinger, and B. Kaifler (2017), On the interpretation of gravity wave measurements by groundbased lidars, Atmosphere, 8 (1-22), doi: 10.3390/atmos8030049 link . (GW-TP /PACOG)
  • Dörnbrack, A., S. Gisinger, M. C. Pitts, L. R. Poole, and M. Maturilli,2017: Multilevel cloud structures over Svalbard, Mon. Weather Rev., 145, 1149-1159, doi: 10.1175/MWR-D-16-0214.1 link
  • Ehard, B., B. Kaifler, A. Dörnbrack, P. Preusse, S. Eckermann, M. Bramberger, S. Gisinger, N. Kaifler, B. Liley, J. Wagner, and M. Rapp, 2017: Horizontal propagation of large amplitude mountain waves in the vicinity of the polar night jet. J. Geophys. Res. Atmos., 122, 1423– 1436, doi:10.1002/2016JD025621.(PACOG, SV cooperation)
  • Gerber, S. & I. Horenko, 2017: Toward a direct and scalable identification of reduced models for categorical processes. Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA 114, 19: 4863-4868, doi:10.1073/pnas.1612619114, link
  • Gisinger, S., A. Dörnbrack, V. Matthias, J. D. Doyle, S. D. Eckermann, B. Ehard, L. Hoffmann, B. Kaifler, C. G. Kruse, and M. Rapp, 2017: Atmospheric Conditions during the Deep Propagating Gravity Wave Experiment (DEEPWAVE), Mon. Wea. Rev. 145, 4249-4275. abstract
  • Horenko, I., S. Gerber, T. J. O'Kane, J. S. Risbey, D. P. Monselesan, C. L. E. Franzke & T. J. Okane, 2017: On Inference and Validation of Causality Relations in Climate Teleconnections. Nonlinear and Stochastic Climate Dynamics, C. Franzke, and T. O'Kane, Eds., Cambridge University Press: 184-208, doi:10.1017/9781316339251.008; ISBN: 9781107118140
  • N. Kaifler, B. Kaifler, B. Ehard, S. Gisinger, A. Dörnbrack, M. Rapp, R. Kivi, A. Kozlovsky, M. Lester, B. Liley, 2017: Observational indications of downward-propagating gravity waves in middle atmosphere lidar data. Journal of Atmospheric and Solar-Terrestrial Physics162,16-27,
  • Krisch, I., Preusse, P., Ungermann, J., Dörnbrack, A., Eckermann, S. D., Ern, M., Friedl-Vallon, F., Kaufmann, M., Oelhaf, H., Rapp, M., Strube, C., and Riese, M.: First tomographic observations of gravity waves by the infrared limb imager GLORIA, Atmos. Chem. Phys., 17, 14937-14953,, 2017 pdf
  • Mirzaei, M., A.R. Mohebalhojeh, C. Zülicke, and R. Plougonven, 2017: On the Quantification of Imbalance and Inertia–Gravity Waves Generated in Numerical Simulations of Moist Baroclinic Waves Using the WRF Model. J. Atmos. Sci., 74, 4241–4263,
  • O’Kane, T. J., D. P. Monselesan, J. S. Risbey, I. Horenko & C. L. E. Franzke, 2017: Research Article. On memory, dimension, and atmospheric teleconnections. Mathematics of Climate and Weather Forecasting, 3(1), pp. 1-27. DOI:
  • Risbey, J. S., O'Kane, T. J., Monselesan, D. P., Franzke, C. L. E., & Horenko, I. ( 2018). On the dynamics of Austral heat waves. Journal of Geophysical Research: Atmospheres, 123, 38– 57.
  • G. Rüdiger, T. Seelig, M. Schultz, M. Gellert, Ch. Egbers & U. Harlander (2017) The stratorotational instability of Taylor-Couette flows with moderate Reynolds numbers, Geophysical & Astrophysical Fluid Dynamics, 111:6, 429-447,
  • Schlutow, M.; Klein, R.; Achatz, U., 2017: Finite-amplitude gravity waves in the atmosphere: traveling wave solutions, J. Fluid Mech., 826, 1034 - 1065
  • Schneider, A., J. Wagner, J. Söder, M. Gerding und F.-J. Lübken (2017), Case study of wave breaking with high-resolution turbulence measurements with LITOS and WRF simulations, Atmos. Chem. Phys., abstract.
  • Schneider, A., Wagner, J., Söder, J., Gerding, M., and Lübken, F.-J., 2017: Case study of wave breaking with high-resolution turbulence measurements with LITOS and WRF simulations, Atmos. Chem. Phys., 17, 7941–7954,
  • Vincze, M., Borcia, I.D. & Harlander, U. Temperature fluctuations in a changing climate: an ensemble-based experimental approach. Sci Rep 7, 254 (2017) doi:10.1038/s41598-017-00319-0
  • Wagner, J., Dörnbrack, A., Rapp, M., Gisinger, S., Ehard, B., Bramberger, M., Witschas, B., Chouza, F., Rahm, S., Mallaun, C., Baumgarten, G., and Hoor, P., 2017: Observed versus simulated mountain waves over Scandinavia – improvement of vertical winds, energy and momentum fluxes by enhanced model resolution?, Atmos. Chem. Phys., 17, 4031-4052, doi:10.5194/acp-17-4031-2017, link


  • Achatz, U., Ribstein, B., Senf, F., and Klein, R. 2016: The interaction  between synoptic-scale balanced flow and a finite-amplitude mesoscale wave field throughout all atmospheric layers: Weak and moderately strong  stratification. Q. J. R. Met. Soc. vol. 143 (2017), pp. 342–361 abstract
  • Bölöni, G., B. Ribstein, J. Muraschko, C. Sgoff, J. Wei, and U. Achatz, 2016: The Interaction between Atmospheric Gravity Waves and Large-Scale Flows: An Efficient Description beyond the Nonacceleration Paradigm. J. Atmos. Sci., 73, 4833–4852,
  • Ehard, B., P. Achtert, A. Dörnbrack, S. Gisinger, J. Gumbel, M. Khaplanov, M. Rapp, and J. Wagner, 2016: Combination of Lidar and Model Data for Studying Deep Gravity Wave Propagation. Mon. Wea. Rev., 144, 77–98,
  • Ern, M., Trinh, Q. T., Kaufmann, M., Krisch, I., Preusse, P., Ungermann, J., Zhu, Y., Gille, J. C., Mlynczak, M. G., Russell III, J. M., Schwartz, M. J., and Riese, M., 2016: Satellite observations of middle atmosphere gravity wave absolute momentum flux and of its vertical gradient during recent stratospheric warmings, Atmos. Chem. Phys., 16, 9983-10019, doi:10.5194/acp-16-9983-2016. pdf
  • Kalisch, S., H.-Y. Chun, M. Ern, P. Preusse, Q. T. Trinh, S. D. Eckermann, and M. Riese, 2016: Comparison of simulated and observed convective gravity waves, J. Geophys. Res. Atmos., 121, 13474–13492, doi:10.1002/2016JD025235. pdf
  • Lübken, F.-J., R. Latteck, E. Becker, J. Höffner, and D. Murphy, 2016: Using polar mesosphere summer echoes and stratospheric/mesospheric winds to explain summer mesopause jumps in Antarctica. J. Atmos. Solar-Terr. Phys. doi: 10.1016/j.jastp.2016.06.008 abstract
  • Matthias, V. and Ern, M.: On the origin of the mesospheric quasi-stationary planetary waves in the unusual Arctic winter 2015/2016, Atmos. Chem. Phys., 18, 4803-4815,, 2018. pdf
  • Meraner, K., H. Schmidt, E. Manzini, B. Funke, and A. Gardini (2016), Sensitivity of simulated mesospheric transport of nitrogen oxides to parameterized gravity waves. J. Geophys. Res., 121(20). abstract
  • Ribstein, B. and  U. Achatz, 2016: The interaction between gravity waves and solar tides in a linear tidal model with a 4D ray-tracing gravity-wave parameterization. J. Geophys. Res., 121, abstract
  • Trinh, Q. T., Kalisch, S., Preusse, P., Ern, M., Chun, H.–Y., Eckermann, S. D., Kang, M.–J., and Riese, M., 2016: Tuning of a convective gravity wave source scheme based on HIRDLS observations, Atmos. Chem. Phys., 16, 7335-7356, doi:10.5194/acp-16-7335-2016. pdf
  • Vincze, M., I. Borcia, U. Harlander and P. Le Gal, 2016: Double-diffusive convection and baroclinic instability in a differentially heated and initially stratified rotating system: the barostrat instability, Fluid Dyn. Res., 48, 061414. abstract


  • Ehard, B., Kaifler, B., Kaifler, N., and Rapp, M., 2015: Evaluation of methods for gravity wave extraction from middle-atmospheric lidar temperature measurements, Atmos. Meas. Tech., 8, 4645-4655, doi:10.5194/amt-8-4645-2015. abstract
  • Fritts, D. C., M. Taylor, A. Dörnbrack, M. Rapp, B. Kaifler, and S. Gisinger (2015), The deep propagating gravity wave experiment (DEEPWAVE): An airborne and ground-based exploration of gravity wave propagation and effects from their sources throughout the lower and middle atmosphere, Bulletin of the American Meteorological Society, doi: 10.1175/BAMS-D-14-00269 link
  • Kaifler, B., N. Kaifler, B. Ehard, A. Dörnbrack, M. Rapp, and D. C. Fritts. 2015: Influences of source conditions on mountain wave penetration into the stratosphere and mesosphere, Geophys. Res. Lett., 42, 9488{9494, doi: 10.1002/2015GL066465 abstract
  • Ribstein, B., U. Achatz, and F. Senf, 2015: The interaction between gravity waves and solar tides: Results from 4-D ray tracing coupled to a linear tidal model, J. Geophys. Res. Space Physics, 120, 6795–6817, doi:10.1002/2015JA021349. abstract

Data sets

to paper of Ern et al. , 2018:

  • Ern, Manfred; Trinh, Quang Thai; Preusse, Peter; Gille, John C; Mlynczak, Martin G; Russell III, James M; Riese, Martin (2017): GRACILE: A comprehensive climatology of atmospheric gravity wave parameters based on satellite limb soundings, link to data in NetCDF format. PANGAEA, download

Publications sorted by projects